Buttons are an essential element in iOS apps. If you are developing an app using UIKit, you will probably use UIButton class to create buttons. Creating a button is a straightforward process, but it becomes problematic when it comes to customizations. Soon you will find yourself writing hacks for achieving your desired result. We all have been there, and we have done it. You are not alone. Luckily, iOS 15.0 gives us a new method to customize Buttons much easier using UIButton.Configuration. Let’s get started!

A gentle request. Before getting started, show your support to indie devs by downloading their apps from the banner displayed below. It will help them in building great apps.

Configuration types in UIButton

UIButton.Configuration comes in four different types, namely plain, filled, gray, and tinted. In this article, we will be focusing only on filled configuration. I will leave the rest of the configurations for you to experiment.

var configuration = UIButton.Configuration.filled()

Setting a title in a UIButton

Setting a title is done by using the configuration’s title property.

configuration.title = "Start download"

Setting a title in a UIButton

Setting a subtitle in a UIButton

Again, we can make use of the configuration’s subtitle property to set a subtitle. It would be tough to set a subtitle without the configuration API.

configuration.subtitle = "(Downloads a random image)"

Setting a subtitle in a UIButton

Changing the background color of a UIButton

The color of the UIButton’s background view can be changed using baseBackgroundColor property.

configuration.baseBackgroundColor = .systemOrange

Changing the background color of a UIButton

Setting an attributed title in a UIButton

Yes, you read it right. You can set attributed titles as well using the attributedTitle property on the configuration.

configuration.attributedTitle = AttributedString("Start download", attributes: AttributeContainer([NSAttributedString.Key.foregroundColor: UIColor(red: 252/255.0, green: 132.0/255.0, blue: 0/255.0, alpha: 1.0)]))

Some of you might have noticed that I am using AttribtedString instead of NSAttributedString. Yes, from iOS 15.0, NSAttributedString has been replaced by AttributedString API. I will be writing more about it in the upcoming articles.

Setting an attributed title in a UIButton

Customizing the background property of a UIButton

We can easily manipulate the shape of the button by using the background property.

configuration.background = .listSidebarCell()

Customizing the background property of a UIButton

Setting the size of a UIButton

We can set the button’s size to some presets like large, medium, small, and mini.

configuration.buttonSize = .large

Setting the size of a UIButton

Setting the content insets in a UIButton

If we want to adjust the insets of a button, we can use the contentInsets API.

configuration.contentInsets = .init(top: 20, leading: 20, bottom: 20, trailing: 20)

Setting the content insets in a UIButton

Setting the cornerStyle in a UIButton

The cornerStyle API provides a predefined set of corner style customizations like capsule, large, medium, small, dynamic, and fixed.

configuration.cornerStyle = .capsule

Setting the cornerStyle in a UIButton

Setting an image in a UIButton

Adding an image to the button and customizing it has become effortless. An important point to note here is that, the image respects the language’s direction.

configuration.image = UIImage(systemName: "arrow.down.square.fill")

Setting an image in a UIButton

Padding between an image and a title in a UIButton

The UIButton configuration makes it easy to set a padding between the image and the button’s

configuration.imagePadding = 20

Padding between an image and a title in a UIButton

Changing the position of an image in a UIButton

The imagePlacement is my favorite property. I have written so many nasty hacks for just changing the position of the image in a UIButton, before iOS 15.0 The imagePlacement property supports the following options - leading, trailing, top, or bottom.

configuration.imagePlacement = .trailing

Changing the position of an image in a UIButton

Changing the alignment of the title in a UIButton

The title alignment property of the configuration API allows us to align the title as per our choice. The supported options are leading, automatic, trialing, and center.

configuration.titleAlignment = .center

Changing the alignment of the title in a UIButton

Finally, we initialize the button with the configuration and add it to a view.

let button = UIButton(configuration: configuration, primaryAction: UIAction(handler: { action in
  debugPrint("Download Button tapped!")
}))
self.view.addSubview(button)
button.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
NSLayoutConstraint.activate([
  button.centerXAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerXAnchor),
  button.centerYAnchor.constraint(equalTo: view.centerYAnchor)
])

I hope the article was informative and you got to know about the modern ways to customize a UIButton. However, I haven’t explained about UIButton.ConfigurationUpdateHandler, so I will be covering about it in a separate article.

References

[1] https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uibutton/configuration

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